To make their own youth culture work, Americans need money. They are very active consumers who pay with their own money. By age sixteen they are also quite mobile. Access to cars gives them the power of choice, autonomy, and privacy. They create many of their own fashions. They hold their own parties, fix up their own cars, and start new fads. They are constrained by family and school to a degree, yet compared with the Japanese they possess the resources for great independence of action. American adults, furthermore, are distinctly, painfully ambivalent about this independence and quite ineffictual in directing it. Our cultural values compel us to encourage our adolescent sons and daughters to view their lives as shaped by their own initiative. We fear too much feedom and know the price being paid in car accidents, drugs, disillusion, pregnancies, and all the rest, but we are neither well prepared nor coordinated to cope effectively given the cultural and institutional situation.